pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf

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Give the functions of muscle. Glucocorticoids: Cortisol or hydrocortisone is the main glucocorticoid. Role of glucagon (1 mark): Its function is to increase blood sugar level. X Exclude words from your search Put - in front of a word you want to leave out. There will be no agglutination and thus blood can be safely transfused into A, B, AB and O. but can receive from only O.Therefore, blood group O is called universal donor. The pulmonary arteries divide into two branches each enters the right and left lungs. causes hydrolysis of acetylcholine. 1 mark, functions 2 marks), HCl acidifies the food & stops the action of salivary, Pepsinogen is activated to pepsin by HCl. State functions of skin. Among them numerous plants have been reported to be medicinal plants. • Intensive properties: Properties which are independent of the amount of the substances in the system, e.g. Pharmacognosy PDF Notes. We provides you the best Handwritten notes by best tutors. (1 mark each). Pharmacognosy study herbs like drugs, adverse reactions and interactions; for that reasons pharmacognosy is an important course for pharmacy students. Water, mineral salt, mucus, HCl, intrinsic factor, pepsinogen Functions of gastric juice-. Give the various functions of medulla oblongata. (def 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), Q.5  Solve any four of the following:        (12 marks, 03 marks each), (1)   Factors accelerating clotting are( any 3 points, 1.5 marks), Injury to the walls of the blood vessels: An injury in the form of cut bleeds more freely than the injury by the. Pharmacology Notes -Apoptosis {CANCER} Steps Examples Pathway Mechanism Apoptosis vs Necrosis PDF PPT. Our ancestors had a profound knowledge of these medicinal plants and they knew innumerable remedies, a fact indicated in the writings of Siddhars of Tamil Nadu. But, in the portal circulation, venous blood from the capillary bed of the abdominal parts, the spleen & the pancreas passes to the liver via the portal vein. Oestrogen stimulates the proliferation of the endometrium in preparation of the fertilized ovum. Expiration: Relaxation of intercostal muscles & diaphragm results in decrease in the space in the lungs. Stomach is a J-shaped dilated portion of the alimentary canal. Secretion of bile: Bile salts are helpful in digestion and absorption of fats by its emulsification. Hypermetropia: Also known as farsightedness. cone opsins (also known as photopsins or iodopsin) present in cone cells, are used in colour. The expiration lasts for 3 sec. Sensation – It contains nerve endings of many sensory nerves which act as organ of sensation of touch, temp, pressure and, Absorption- Some drugs & chemicals are absorbed through the. This lecture note on pharmacology is primarily a note for undergraduate health science students such as health officer, nursing, midwifery and laboratory technology students. Formation of vit. These antigens determine their blood groups. (Reflex action 1 ½ marks, diagram 1 ½ marks), Sudden withdrawal of hand if fingers touch something, Quick recovery of the balance of the body to prevent falling after a, Sudden coughing attack if a food particle is, f)                Mention layers of epidermis of skin. The impulses may then pass to the brain or to connector neurons of reflex arcs in the spinal cord. Nephritis: Nephritis refers to inflammation of one or both kidneys due to infection or autoimmune disease. Motor neuron (1 mark): They originate in the brain, spinal cord and autonomic ganglia. PHARMACOGNOSY NOTES. There are three layers of smooth muscle fibres outer longitudinal, the middle circular layer & the inner oblique fibres. It has been a part of the Medial Science since the dawn of civilisation. They regulate metabolism like gluconeogenesis, lipolysis and proteolysis. (aerobic oxidation), Endoplasmic reticulum are of two types. It is known as pacemaker of the heart as it initiates the impulses. A. Arthritis: Chronic disease that results in pain and restricted movement of, Sprain: Joint injury in which some of the fibres of supporting ligament are damaged, c)              Name different type of blood group. (Otto Augustus), 1846-1922. A.R.Chaudhary Lecturer Smt.Sharadchandrika Suresh Patil Inst. At the same time four pulmonary veins transport oxygenated blood into the left atrium. (def 1 mark and any 4 factors 1 mark), Q2. Groups of cells which have the same physical characteristics and similar functions are termed as tissues. The muscle fibre is repolaised again to receive successive stimuli. e)              What is endocrine and exocrine gland? Exocrine gland: The glands that discharge their secretions through the duct are known as exocrine glands. A total o 5640 species of the flowering plants (including 6 gymnosperms) are reported either naturally occurring or cultivated in the state (Nair and Henry, 1983). Proliferative phase: It is characterized by release of oestrogen by the maturing ovarian follicle under the influence of FSH from the anterior pituitary. It gets stimulated by the light rays. pharmacy notes free download, d pharmacy 2nd year notes pdf, d pharmacy 1st year notes in hindi, d pharmacy 1st year notes pharmaceutics, pharm d lecture notes, b pharmacy 2nd year notes, pharmacy notes pdf, pharmacognosy notes for d pharm 1, d pharmacy human anatomy and physiology, Here is a great article for our readers especially D Pharmacy 1st Year B Pharm First Sem students who are struggling to learn Anatomy & Physiology Subjects. Alongwith D.pharm 1st year we have also notes for the d.pharm 2nd year students. ( 2 marks), It controls the hormone release from pituitary. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, The fibres (cell) are cylindrical and has, They are under the control of our will. They are involved in cellular respiration, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the cell. mass and volume. All sorts of pharmacy notes like Pharmacology notes, Physiology Notes, Pharmacognosy Notes etc will be posted regularly for pharmd students in raw text and download ready pdf and ppt files.stay tuned and feel free to suggest any improvements. Download the best quality notes for b.pharm 2nd year subjects like pharmaceutical organic chemistry iii, physical pharmacy,pharmaceutical microbiology, pharmaceutical engineering, medicinal chemistry i, pharmacognosy, physical pharmacy … Pharcognosy by Dr.Agnes Farkas, Dr. Gyorgyi Hovarth, Prof. Dr. Peter Molnar. Anteriorly, the first seven pairs of ribs are attached to the sternum via costal cartilage & are known as true ribs. This book “A Textbook of Pharmacognosy” written Pharmacy students, i.e., for undergraduate, postgraduate, paramedical and other professionals. As a result, the pressure inside the lungs increases as compared to atmospheric pressure. Name the factors affecting B.P. Rough ER is studded with ribosomes. FREE pharmacology lecture notes, study guide and exam help for medical, dentistry and nursing students. DRUG INSPECTOR Practice Question & Answers – … Co. Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of University of Michigan Language ... PDF download. Sympathetic stimulation: Dilation of pupils causing mydriasis. Like B12. When the endplate potential increases, it stimulates the entire muscle fibre causing an action potential to travel in both directions along the fibre. The portal vein is formed by union of gastric vein from stomach, superior & inferior mesenteric veins from small and large intestine, splenic vein from spleen & cystic vein from gall bladder. (b)      What is hepatic portal circulation? The below mentioned article provides a short notes on Pharmacognosy. The normal human has 12-15 breath per min. The state Tamil Nadu is endowed with a very rich flora due to the various physiographic features and physiognomic factors and different types of vegetation exist in the state. After this the next cycle begins. (ventricular systole 0.3 sec). Thus the two hormones help to maintain the blood sugar level constant. The process of inspiration is active as it needs energy for muscle contraction. Far vision is normal but close vision is blurred, because the near image is focused behind the retina as eye ball length is too short or due to flattened, Write the functions of hypothalamus. (names 1 mark, functions 2 marks). The small area of the retina where the optic nerve leave the eye is known as optic disc or blind spot as no light sensitive cells are present here. Gout: Inflammation of joints due to deposition of sodium urate crystals in the joints. of professional pharmacy students and graduate students. (e)  Define nephritis. This allows spontaneous leakage of Na causing endplate potential. ( atrial systole-0.1 sec). The superior & inferior vena cava transport the deoxygenated blood into right atrium. Hypoglossal –                              Supplies to the muscle of tongue & muscle surrounding the hyoid bone & helps in swallowing & speech. Blood cells – Red blood cells or erythrocytes, white blood cells or leucocytes and platelets or thrombocytes. India is known as the “Emporium of Medicinal plants” due to the prevalence of several thousands of medicinal plants in different bioclimatic zone (Yoganarasimhan, 2000). The immense taxonomic diversity of the country throws a challenge to the Indian chemists and biologist to transform the enormous bioresource into economic wealth and intellectual property. This reduces the pressure in the lungs. B.P is the force or lateral pressure which the blood exerts on the wall of blood vessels. The research mission of the department is the discovery, design, analysis, and further development of potential drugs … KCLPHARMACY Chapter -1 History Scope and Definition Chapter -2 Natural Drug Classification Chapter -3 Adulteration and evaluation of Drugs Chapter -4 Chemical Nature of Drugs Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs Chapter -6 Cardiotonics Drugs is constant at 36.8. glucose; vitamins and amino acids get completely reabsorbed into the blood. Normal value is 1800 – 3000. Glycogenic function: The hepatic cells by the action of enzymes convert glucose into glycogen and it is then stored in the, Formation of urea: Hepatic cells by the action of the enzyme cause deamination of amino acid, i.e. A rich depository of flora with high endemism is found in the Western Ghats. There are light sensitive cells mainly of two types: the rods and, The entire retina contains about 7 million cones and 75 to 150 million, Rods function mainly in dim light and provide black-and-white vision, The rods have rhodopsin or visual purple is photosensitive pigment. Break down of nucleic acids to form uric acid which is excreted in urine. This deoxygenated/ impure blood they pour into the right atrium of heart. When nutrients and oxygen come in contact with the oxidative enzymes of mitochondria, they combine to form CO2, water & energy, this is in the form of ATP. (2)   Factors retarding clotting are (any 3 points, 1.5 marks): In clinical condition like haemophilia, liver disease, afibrinogenemia, Christmas disease, Removal calcium ions from the blood by addition of sodium or potassium or citrate, (b)   Describe how circulation of blood takes place through heart chambers. (no-threshold substances) Parathormone from parathyroid gland & calcitonin from thyroid gland regulate reabsorption of calcium & phosphate. The impulses from the SA node spreads over the atria, atria contracts, the AV valves open and & blood flows to ventricles. ( e)Deficiency of vitamin K. The superior vena cava (for upper body) and inferior vena cava (for lower body) receive deoxygenated /impure blood from various part of the body through different veins. Name the endocrine glands. . This process is passive as does not require energy. (aerobic oxidation). B12 from small, Mucus prevents mechanical injury to the stomach, e)              Name hormones of adrenal cortex & mention their functions. Retina is the innermost layer of the eye. A. It has 2 curvatures – lesser curvature and greater curvature. The use of plants as medicine is as old as human civilization. The blood from right atrium enters the right ventricle through a tricuspid valve, which prevent back flow of blood from ventricle into atrium. It is known as secondary pace maker as it generates the impulses when there is problem with SA node. The melanin pigment protects against the harmful UV, Regulation of body temp.- The temp. It regulates water & electrolyte balance. structure_of_protiens.pdf: File Size: 106 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File. (each def 1 mark, any 4 endocrine glands 1 mark), f)                Define menstruation. We provides you the best Handwritten notes by best tutors. Synthesis of plasma protein & most blood clotting factors from amino. Smooth and rough. it regulates B.P. Solve any four of the following:                                                          12, ) Write steps involved in urine formation. Sympathetic stimulation: Bronchodilation allowing greater amount of air to enter the lungs at each inspiration. Cataract: This is opacity of lens which may be age related or congenital bilateral or unilateral. When, come in contact with the oxidative enzymes of mitochondria, they combine to form CO2, water & energy, this is in the form of ATP. Menstruation: This is the series of events occurring regularly in females every 26-30 days throughout the child bearing age. which are very important for your examinations. The endometrium becomes thicker by rapid cell multiplication and this is accompanied by an increase in the number of mucus-secreting glands and blood capillaries. The stomach is divided into three regions- fundus, body & antrum. Skeletal muscles contract & help the movement of the body & stability of the joint. This causes contraction of muscle fibres. Q4. The blood. Adrenal cortex produces three groups of hormones namely glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoid & androgens. It gets bleached with light & gets regenerated by vit. 11:45 am. Pharmacology Notes: PPT PDF – ANTICANCER DRUGS. When the action potential spread to inside of muscle fibre then Ca ions are released. (name 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), d)             Define cardiac cycle. Dear Students , Down load Notes and Power point slides attached to this page. You can also downlod PDF. Give physiology of neuromuscular transmission. The book deals with the drugs derived from the vegetable and animal kingdoms with reference to the forms in which they occur in the crude drug trade. Muscle tone is a sustained partial muscle contraction that allows maintenance of posture of the body. The Western Ghats have been designated as one of the hot spots of global biodiversity. Normal value is 500, Inspiratory reserve volume: It is the amount of air that can be breathed in and above the tidal volume by the deepest possible inspiration. Introduction to Pharmacognosy PDF Note Download Free For Pharmacy Students. Clik on the download here option to get the soft copy. The acetylcholine acts on the cell membrane to increase its permeability. Give functions of mitochondria & endoplasmic reticulum. Draw a well labeled diagram of typical neuron. (Definition 1 mark, any 4 functions 2 marks). Pharmacognosy lecture notes pdf files ExtendedManuals com. There are a few downloadable books in this subject to download in one click. These substances are called high- threshold substances. Classify connective tissue. & touch for face & head, stimulates muscle of mastication, Abducent –                                      abduction of eye ball, Facial –                                          conveys impulse from taste buds & supplies muscles of facial expression, Auditory (vestibulocochlear) –      conveys impulses to the cerebellum for posture &, Glossopharyngeal –                       Sense of taste, production of saliva and movement of, Vagus –                                         Secretion, movement in organs, Accessory –                                  Movements of head, shoulder, pharynx and larynx. Pharmacy Bpharm. (1 mark each), Mitochondria is known as power house of cell. Bookmark File PDF D Pharmacy Pharmacognosy 1 St Year Notes Pharmacognosy; Download D.Pharm Notes For 2nd Year. 1 mark, classification 1 mark), Connective tissue proper: i) Areolar tissu ii) Adipose tissue, Specialised connective tissue:         i) Bone ii) Cartilage, i) Blood                             ii) Lymphoid tissue, f)  What is SA node & AV node? -C. A. Seydler first and foremost used the term PHARMACOGNOSY in his doctoral thesis titled Analectica Pharmacognostica in 1815. iii) White fibrous tissue     iv) Yellow elastic tissue, There are 12 pairs of ribs. The rods are present more in the periphery of the, Cones sensitive to bright light & colour. Best Handwritten Notes; Commitment to Excellence; First-Rate Curriculum Give its importance. In the liver certain modifications takes place including the blood nutrient level. adrenal glands, pineal gland, testes in male and ovaries in female. It is continuous with the oesophagus at cardiac sphincter and with duodenum at pyloric sphincter. Notes on Solutions by Qasim Page 4 Physical Properties of Substances • Extensive Properties: Properties which depend on the quantity of the matter in the system, e.g. (4marks; circulation 3 marks, importance 1 mark), (c)      State functions of Semen and Placenta (4 marks, 2 marks each) Functions of Semen: (2 marks), Increase motility and fertility of spermatozoa, Semen is slightly alkaline, to neutralize the acidity of, Prostaglandin present causes contraction of, It contains nutrients to nourish and support the sperm during their journey through the female reproductive, To provide the foetus with nourishment and removal of waste material from the, To act as the foetal lung by providing oxygenation of the fetal blood, The placenta also acts as a barrier in preventing certain micro-organisms of disease reaching the fetus thus protects the, The placenta helps the ovaries in the production of estrogen & progesterone hormones necessary for the continuation and maintenance of, What is sensory and motor neuron? (muscle tone 1 mark, functions 2 marks), Smooth muscles helps contraction & relaxation of blood vessels & controls blood flow & movement of the food in the alimentary, Cardiac muscles help in the functioning of, )Give the composition & function of gastric juice. Individuals have different antigens on the surface of their RBCs. Give function of kidney. (3 marks). like garlic. Inspiration: The simultaneous contraction of intercostal muscles & diaphragm increases the capacity of thoracic cavity. External respiration- (cycle of breathing). (1+1 marks). Here is a great article for our readers especially D Pharmacy 1st Year B Pharm First Sem students who are struggling to learn Anatomy & Physiology Subjects. Name the different reproductive organs of male reproductive system. It also helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration. Describe selective reabsorption. Chromatographic, chemical and physical tests, together with assay procedures, are given for many drugs for which previously there was no quantitative evaluation of the chemical constituents available. (comp. temperature, pressure, density, surface tension, and viscosity of pure liquid. Home / DPHARM / Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs PHARMACOGNOSY PDF NOTES D.PHARM 1st Year Chapter -5 Luxative Drugs PHARMACOGNOSY PDF NOTES D.PHARM 1st Year ₹ 49.00 ₹ 10.00 when the ovarian follicle ruptures. After expiration there is pause & then the next cycle begins. View 6-Faculty of Pharmacy.pdf from AA 1FACULTY OF PHARMACY College of Pharmacy Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Pharmacy Practice Phone: 048-9230217, 048-9230811-15. passes through the secondary capillary bed, the hepatic sinusoid in the liver before entering the general circulation via the inferior vena cava. You can also downlod PDF. The UV light from the sun converts it to vit. Auditory ossicles: Malleus, incus & stapes are the three small bones in the middle ear extending from tympanic membrane to the oval window. Each breath consists of inspiration, expiration & pause. (steps 1 mark, explanation 2 marks), What is muscle tone? Cite 1 Recommendation The study of the action of the drug also comes under the preview of pharmacognosy. Bachelor of Pharmacy is also known as B.Pharm is as a 4-year professional undergraduate course for the students who are interested do work in the Medicine Sector like research in medicinal drugs as well as developing of them in manufacturing and also supply the medications in Market. Pharmacognosy notes for B Pharm University Exam,GPAT,NIPER, DRUG INSPECTOR and RRB exams Hello The Future Pharmacist,here you will get all the important notes of Pharmacognosy both handwritten and typed.we also provide you all important MCQs question papers and other important things related to the university and other exams like GPAT,NIPER,RRB and DI exam May 12, 2018. itochondria is known as power house of cell. It acts as the barrier against the invasion of the microbes, chemicals &dehydration. The cycle consists of menstrual phase for 4 days, proliferative phase for 10 days & secretary phase for 14 days. Pharmacy.Pdf from AA 1FACULTY of Pharmacy Pharmaceutics Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmacognosy pharmacology Pharmacy Practice Phone 048-9230217... Depository of flora with high endemism is found in the space in body! Maturing ovarian follicle under the influence of FSH from the anterior pituitary or hydrocortisone is the series events... D.Pharm 2nd year students mention their functions they pour into the left atrium 12 pairs ribs! Iii ) White fibrous tissue iv ) Yellow elastic tissue, there are antibodies... Nutrients absorbed from the SA node spreads over the atria, atria contracts the... This phase lasts for 10 days & secretary phase for 10 days and stops ovulation! Of amino -removes nitrogenous portion which is excreted in urine collected by four pulmonary veins and into... D Pharmacy Pharmacognosy 1 St year Notes Pharmacognosy ; download d.pharm Notes for the d.pharm 2nd year easily... Initiates the impulses when there is complete cardiac diastole ( 0.4 sec ) when both atria ventricles. In the brain or to connector neurons of reflex arcs in the space in the cell membrane respiration the. Regenerated by vit occulomotor – movement of the Medial science since the dawn of.! Proliferation of the Medial science since the dawn of civilisation entire muscle fibre causing an potential. Are independent of the fertilized ovum regenerated by vit, Aug. Gast Bank Note and Litho here option get... And oestrogen production is inhibited i.e increase in the liver is broken to., 048-9230811-15 ( 55 % ) the main glucocorticoid needs energy for contraction... Blood into the right ventricle is forced into pulmonary artery through pulmonary valve does not require energy White. Level constant hormones namely glucocorticoids, Mineralocorticoid & androgens and retard the clotting of blood vessels:.! Transamination: Removes the nitrogenous portion of amino acid not required for formation of new protein reabsorption of calcium phosphate! Is active as it needs energy for muscle contraction that allows maintenance of of... Surrounding the hyoid bone & helps in swallowing & speech through Medical University is Only one Click Away sympathetic parasympathetic! Opacity of lens which may be age related or congenital bilateral or unilateral glands: pituitary gland parathyroid., age, stress, circulating hormones, autonomic nervous system activity you the best Notes... As human civilization of civilisation in this subject to download right atrium enters the lungs Pharmacy Pharmacognosy St! Constriction of pupil, raising the upper lid then pass to the heart as needs., Other blood vessels into the blood sugar level satiety, thirst, body, the first seven of! Muscles contract & help the modern man to find more effective prophylactic use plants... Help the movement of the B. Pharmacy students, i.e., for undergraduate,,. Made available in the brain, spinal cord to the sternum via costal pharmacognosy notes for pharmacy students pdf & are known as false.! The upper lid the endplate potential recent historical research, the hepatic sinusoid in the brain or to connector of... Due to infection or autoimmune disease three groups of cells which have the same physical and. To the sternum via costal cartilage & are known as photopsins or iodopsin ) present in cone cells of. Amino acid the UV light from the SA node Farkas, Dr. Gyorgyi Hovarth Prof.! Muscle fibres outer longitudinal, the hepatic sinusoid in the number of mucus-secreting glands and capillaries... Pathway Mechanism Apoptosis vs Necrosis PDF PPT it gets bleached with light gets... Stored in the system, appetite & satiety, thirst, body & antrum as does not require energy D! Is inhibited i.e curvatures – lesser curvature and greater curvature important for your examinations of two.... Ribs are attached indirectly via seventh rib & known as true ribs, i.e., for,..., postgraduate, paramedical and Other professionals into right atrium enters the right.! Into right atrium glands: pituitary gland, testes in male and ovaries female... The air from atmosphere enters the right atrium of heart Mo., Aug. Gast Bank Note and.... Langerhans ) of any group into these individuals is safe since there are layers. Topics Pharmacognosy Publisher St. Louis, Mo., Aug. Gast Bank Note and Litho, HCl intrinsic. This phase lasts for 10 days and stops when ovulation occurs and production. However, our knowledge of medicinal plants neuron ( 1 mark ): function... Air from atmosphere enters the lungs group into these individuals is safe since there are few. – movement of the following: 12, ) Write steps involved in cellular respiration, the AV valves and... Of ribs glucose by the spinal cord and autonomic ganglia insignificant to show any action as it needs energy muscle... Are involved in cellular respiration, the middle circular layer & the inner oblique.... 0.4 sec ) when both atria & ventricles relax oesophagus at cardiac and! Fibre then Ca ions are released for that reasons Pharmacognosy is that branch of science that deals with drugs... Pure liquid islets of Langerhans ) is complete cardiac diastole ( 0.4 sec ) when atria... & satiety, thirst, body & antrum Cortisol or hydrocortisone is the main.! Is known as photopsins or iodopsin ) present in atmosphere into the blood from right ventricle through tricuspid. Into left atrium are absorbed slightly bleached with light & gets regenerated by vit smaller, factor... Exclude words from your search Put - in front of a word want! Depository of flora with high endemism is found in the liver is broken down to by! That are originated by SA node is formed from the collections of University of Michigan Language PDF! Medical students Easier Road through Medical University is Only one Click Away pineal gland parathyroid... Passes from the tissues to the heart as it generates the impulses that are exported from B. Phase lasts for 10 days and stops when ovulation occurs and oestrogen production is inhibited i.e or ). Depression called fovea centralis.All the nerve fibres of retina form the optic nerve inspiration is active as it initiates impulses... Iv ) Yellow elastic tissue, there are various factors which accelerate and the! Females every 26-30 days throughout the child bearing age subpages ( 1 mark and 4. Arteries divide into two branches each enters the right atrium enters the right atrium the! Steps 1 mark ): they carry information from the SA node spreads over the atria atria. Their function the tissues to the muscle of tongue & muscle surrounding the hyoid bone & helps generation... Muscle tone is a J-shaped dilated portion of the tubule & increases water reabsorption body, the Red cells... Pepsinogen functions of gastric juice- stress, circulating hormones, autonomic nervous system.! Digestion and absorption of fats by its emulsification Removes the nitrogenous portion from amino the here. Any group into these individuals is safe since there are three layers of nerve cell body & excretion for dioxide., thirst, body, the process by which chemical energy is made available in the brain, cord... Easily download by selecting the subjects of Notes they want to leave out: Cortisol or is. Duct are known as photopsins or iodopsin ) present in atmosphere into blood! 2Nd year hormone release from pituitary process is passive as does not require energy are involved cellular. Have the same physical characteristics and similar functions are termed as tissues by...: PDF: download File out by Kupffer cells it would help modern. Is safe since there are no antibodies to react with them role insulin! Secretions ( hormones ) directly into the blood nutrient level mostly been inherited traditionally the process of inspiration expiration! System, appetite & satiety, thirst, body, emotions, sexual behavior & biological.! -According to some recent historical research, the pressure the air from the nitrogenous portion of body. Brain, spinal cord thyroid gland regulate reabsorption of calcium & phosphate in liver... Into pulmonary artery through pulmonary valve by Kupffer cells plasma protein & most blood factors. Hormones & gases & androgens of menstrual phase for 4 days, proliferative phase: it is a dilated! Of mucus-secreting glands and blood capillaries is made available in the number of glands. Increase blood sugar level falls below the normal the glycogen stored in the periphery of the body to sternum! In generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration in female expiration & pause converts it to carbohydrate molecule forming non-essential... Central depression called fovea centralis.All the nerve fibres of retina form the optic nerve barrier against the of... Material, hormones & gases blood clotting factors from amino middle circular layer & the axons & dehydration mechanical. D, e ) Name hormones of adrenal cortex produces three groups hormones! Customizable templates different antigens on the wall of blood vessels the ventricles there is pause & then the cycle! A site of synthesis of proteins that are exported from, B ) Define cycle! Increase in the cell membrane to increase its permeability Bank Note and Litho causing potential. As photopsins or iodopsin ) present in atmosphere into the right and left lungs is expelled from the collections University. As exocrine glands the direct route: nephritis refers to inflammation of one or kidneys. Characteristics and similar functions are termed as tissues cell multiplication and this is carried by... Intercostal muscles & diaphragm results in decrease in the body to the sternum via cartilage... Whereas blood group ‘ O ’ has neither antiA nor antiB antibodies research! Muscle surrounding the hyoid bone & helps in generation of heat.Intercostal muscles help in respiration to travel in directions!, Mpharm study material and Lecture Notes complete cardiac diastole ( 0.4 sec ) when atria!

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